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Guchunyuan: the key to energy saving lies in improving efficiency

in China, abb is strengthening local elements. Peeping into the strategic changes of this century old multinational enterprise may also be able to grasp the pulse of the entire industry

56 year old Gu Chunyuan has a new role as chairman and President of ABB China on the first day of the new year. The biggest difference from his predecessor, Mr. Fang Qin, is that he has a Chinese face. The education background of the Swedish Royal Institute of technology and the experience of the research institute make him a researcher. In the company, many people prefer to call him Dr. Gu

after 25 years of working in ABB group, he has been in contact with many departments such as automation, power generation, rail transit, etc., which also gives him a comprehensive and in-depth understanding of ABB, a huge multinational enterprise. I feel lucky to have been in touch with various departments within the company, which has given me profound accumulation, he explained to me

as he takes charge of ABB's China business, it may bring new changes. It is understood that in 2012, ABB's sales revenue in China exceeded US $5.2 billion, with an additional investment of US $120million that year. Although the domestic GDP growth rate has declined, according to abb insiders, their sales revenue in China in 2013 will exceed that of the previous year

in the face of China's increasingly hot urbanization and environmental protection, what does the new helmsman think about as an enterprise committed to energy conservation and efficiency enhancement. For this reason, energy magazine conducted an exclusive interview

the key to energy saving lies in improving efficiency

energy: now some cities in China have serious haze. ABB has strong advantages in energy saving, consumption reduction and efficiency improvement. What can you do in today's market environment and how much potential can you contribute to the environment in China

guchunyuan: our service targets are power transmission and distribution and industrial fields. This is just our product department. Our goal is energy conservation, emission reduction and industrial upgrading, including power transmission and distribution, AC and DC products and technologies. In fact, they are all energy allocation. The rational allocation of national energy is also an effect of emission reduction. The reason why we want to transmit electricity from the west to the East is also the energy allocation

in fact, haze weather is just a phenomenon. Its essence is to change the use of energy system. From the perspective of use, reduce the use of fossil energy and use more renewable energy. This is simple to say, but it is very challenging to implement

there is also energy conservation. Energy conservation does not mean not using it, but improving efficiency. Of course, the saved energy is the greenest energy. At present, the most important energy source is electricity. The electricity consumed by global motors accounts for nearly half of the total global electricity consumption. If we can achieve high-efficiency motors, which can be increased by oneortwo percentage points, it is a remarkable benefit

energy: specifically, how to improve efficiency in the process of energy saving

guchunyuan: after the emergence of renewable energy, we studied how to connect and merge wind and solar energy into the whole energy system. In terms of energy system, balancing the supply and demand of power generation actually requires a huge energy storage system. Of course, if these technologies can be well implemented, they will certainly help to reduce energy consumption

there are two aspects in the use of energy. One is industry, that is, intelligent production and manufacturing, which can also optimize the production process; The other is home. In fact, the energy consumption of home is very strong. As the Chinese market is very large and our living standards are constantly improving, the demand for energy is certainly increasing. There is no doubt about this. At the same time, the previous model was unsustainable. At this time, a leap forward is needed. It is not intelligent technology, but the key is leap forward. Conceptually, there must be new innovations and attempts. Therefore, for our current business segment, I think it is in line with the current national demand and market environment

energy: you just said that nearly half of the world's electric energy consumption is motor. The power consumption of motor is so large. If the technology is improved, how much room can it save energy

guchunyuan: the space for motor energy saving is huge. According to the latest tensile analysis of standard tensile samples conducted by the testing machine at the speed specified by the International Energy Agency (IEA), the power consumption of motors accounts for about 45% of the total global power consumption. Lighting is the second largest consumer, accounting for 19% of the total electricity consumption. This is why the whole world is promoting high-efficiency motors. Countries and regions, of course, Europe, the United States, China, such as Japan, will also start. Therefore, the energy saving of motor is very important

urbanization has great business opportunities

energy: in recent years, new urbanization is a hot topic in China. There will be many energy conservation and emission reduction projects in the process of promoting new urbanization, and many standards have been put forward. How much market space has it provided for you in this process

guchunyuan: this space is huge. New urbanization is not a simple copy. Urbanization has several aspects: first, transportation, including rail transit; Second, home furnishing. In terms of rail transit, we have many new technologies to introduce. For example, for electric vehicles, we launched a flash charging station in Zurich, Switzerland, which can charge quickly in 15 seconds. Of course, this will involve optimization and layout. Optimizing it on this premise is a very good attempt

there are also ports. In many traditional ports, ships use electricity. The ship itself is a typical small power plant. It uses diesel to generate electricity and uses electricity by itself. The efficiency is certainly not high. Can we connect power from the shore when the ship is docked at the port? This requires a special power transmission technology. We realized the power supply from the shore to the ship with a small diameter in the port of justad, Sweden. This is the same as electric vehicles. Not only is it a point charge, but how to charge and how to serve is a system engineering

energy: how do you see the potential of future buildings, such as intelligent buildings and energy-saving buildings

guchunyuan: I believe that the energy-saving space in buildings is very large. In fact, there is much talk about intelligent buildings and smart homes, which consume a lot of electricity in heating, cooling and lighting. On the premise of ensuring comfort, optimization can actually be realized, and its energy-saving space is very large, but why the realization process is relatively slow, because the component itself should be intelligent, which is our contribution

our products are highly intelligent. The reason why this degree of intelligence can be realized now is that there are two prerequisites for the realization of intelligence: first, controllability. This is no problem. Now the development of electronic products is very good; In addition, information can be exchanged and controlled. Now, Internet and wireless technologies are mature, so I believe that due to the maturity of various comprehensive technologies, it will produce good intelligent effects

to quickly adapt to the new changes in the market

energy: in the past, abb had great advantages in power intelligence. Now there are many domestic enterprises, such as Nari and TBEA, developing one after another. What do you think will happen to the Chinese market in the future

guchunyuan: the rise of domestic enterprises is not surprising. The key is that there is a sufficient market to support the low support load. For example, power, China is a huge market, and many enterprises will grow up under the support of this market. This is normal

as us, we have also experienced such a process. The only thing we can do is to constantly innovate and be ahead of the market. As an enterprise, we should see where the market demand will be in the next five or ten years, what the challenges will be, what the main driving force for paper enterprises to raise prices, and what technology accumulation we should do. Of course, it is normal and healthy for this industry to generate new enterprises with great support and competitiveness

energy: as the newly appointed head of China, what do you think is the biggest challenge

guchunyuan: we face many challenges. One of them is how we can deeply understand the demand of this market in the current environment, what is the difference between the market demand and mode in the next three to five years and what kind of strategic adjustment and development our customers will have. Therefore, understanding the market is a challenge for us

in the past, when we entered China, we sold technology and products directly because of market demand. This is a stage; In the second stage, we started manufacturing in order to better respond to the needs of the market. Manufacturing is not entirely because of the cost, but more for better customer service. Later, we found that the dominant power market is in China, so it is possible that the R & D and other links should be established in China

due to the changes in market demand, we need to be able to tap into the deep-seated needs of customers. I think it is also a challenge for us whether we have the ability to respond quickly to develop products, services and solutions suitable for this market

energy: you used to be responsible for the work of the whole North Asia region. From your point of view, what is the difference between Japan, South Korea and China in terms of energy conservation and efficiency enhancement

guchunyuan: I think the North Asia region is basically the same in terms of energy conservation and efficiency increase. As far as China is concerned, it cannot be compared with South Korea and Japan in general. In fact, as far as the whole Chinese enterprise is concerned, it also has a strong awareness of energy conservation, which also completely depends on the development stage of the enterprise at that time, whether the enterprise development is further refined or has developed to a certain scale. Different enterprises are different

I think the government is more active. In fact, China's national energy efficiency standard for high-efficiency motors is actually ahead of Japan. Many people did not expect that Japan was just discussing the realization of low-energy motors, and China has already set standards

of course, in terms of renewable energy, China has developed a large number of wind power and solar energy in the past few years, which is the fastest in the world; At present, North Asia, such as South Korea and Japan, has also seen a lot of solar energy in recent years, but China is ahead of them. As a matter of fact, China is also moving forward with this awareness of energy conservation and environmental protection, and this sense of urgency is becoming stronger and stronger. So I am more worried about whether we, as an enterprise, can promote products and services that meet the market demand faster and better. This is what we really should do. (wangzhaobin)

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